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More and more people get diagnosed with OSA, obstructive sleep apnea, a condition that is defined by a blockage in the airway at the back of throat, causing difficulty in breathing and inability to sleep comfortably.
Most patients with this condition snore heavily during sleep, and can experience temporary periods of difficulty in breathing. This normally disrupts sleep and could cause major sleepiness during the day, a symptom that could affect a person’s daily health and quality of life. Other complications include headaches, mood swings, and high blood pressure.
Positive Airway Pressure devices (PAP) such as the continuous PAP (CPAP) and the bi-level PAP (Bi-PAP) are therapeutic devices that help patients with sleep apnea to sleep smoothly all through the night.
HDM Z1 Auto Base Travel CPAP Machine
DreamStation Go Auto CPAP Machine
DreamStation Auto CPAP Machine
Apex Medical iCH II Auto CPAP Machine with Built-in Heated Humidifier
- Auto adjusting feature
- In-built heated humidifier
- Ramp and Pressure Variation Algorithm feature
- Built in alarm clock
- On screen sleep results
- Leak compensation
- Travel friendly
- PVA pressure relief technology to balance the pressure.
- In built humidifier with water chamber.
- Lightweight and easy to carry around.
- The DC output feature makes it easily portable.
- Has a leakage reporting system that is effective
- Has a fine noise level that is almost impossible to hear.
- Expensive to buy.
Auto adjusting CPAP machine
The auto adjusting aspect is a major preference for most users currently. Using this feature, the CPAP machine can be set to adjust between two ranges of pressure; high and low. The machine adjusts on a breath by breathe basis to provide the user with the pressure required for an effective therapy.
Built-in heated humidifier
The humidifier is integrated to the machine. The humidifier serves to alleviate the side effects of CPAP therapy such as throat dryness and soreness. Choose the level of moisture among levels 1-6 that is comfortable for you during therapy.
Ramp and Pressure Variation Algorithm (PVA)
PVA is a feature that regulates the amount of pressure at the start of exhalation. The ramp feature allows the user to adapt to the pressure during sleep. Ramping is whereby the CPAP machine reduces its pressure at the beginning of therapy, and systematically increases over time. It is a comfort feature and most users find that this helps them sleep easily
Built in alarm clock
When the screen of the CPAP machine is not in use, it displays a clock that can serve as an alarm clock. You can turn up or mute the audible alert using the power button. The alarm clock though, does not play tunes.
On screen sleep results
This CPAP machine preserves data of up to 90 days. It displays data on the well-lit screen. Basic and compliance data such as flow index, apnea index (AHI), hypopnea index (AHI), average pressure, total compliant hours and days etc. are recorded and displayed.
Travel friendly size
This CPAP machine is light, it weighs about 2.94lbs. It has a small footprint and occupies less space in a surface. With an in built humidifier it does not need additional humidification units for comfort, and this makes it ideal CPAP for travelling.
The CPAP machine can adjust the pressure during therapy even on the event of a leak.
Resmed Airsense 10 Autoset Humidifier
It is an advanced version of the S9 version by Resmed.
- Auto set algorithm
- In-built HumidAir humidifier
- Auto features
- Expiratory pressure relief (EPR)
- Light sensor
- My Options color LCD display
- Advanced features
- Settings are straight-forward.
- Integrated humidification
- Its wireless capability enables it to record data precisely.
- Low noise level when mask is sealed properly.
- Small footprint which is convenient for travelling.
- Advanced data recording.
- Wide design makes it less favorable for dense travel.
- Uses a different power cable from the older S9 version, cannot share.
- Topples over easily because the hose is fitted in the back, which lifts it up when the user shifts.
Auto set algorithm
Resmed’s algorithm has demonstrated it the ability of this CPAP machine to provide efficient therapy by eliminating any restraints on the airflow by every breath taken. It works by increasing pressure gently and then decreasing it when the event passes. It is recommended for users who have difficulty when changing sleeping positions.
Built in HumidAir humidifier
The HumidAir humidifier is built in for it to occupy less space, which makes it portable. The heated humidifier provides maximum humidification and controls rainout caused by condensation in the hose. Humidity can be adjusted through 9 levels, with 1 being the lowest, and 9 being the highest.
The auto technology is a major preference for users today. The machine can automatically adjust to function effectively depending on the user’s specifications at the time to ensure an efficient therapy.
Expiratory pressure relief (EPR)
This feature enhances breathing while using a CPAP machine by regulating the amount of pressure between periods of inhalation and exhalation, consequently mimicking that of natural breathing. EPR can be turned off or adjusted between 1-3, with 1 being the smallest change and 3 being the largest change.
My options color LCD presentation
This CPAP machine has a vibrant color LCD display and menus that are simple to comprehend. You can manage your settings in My Options menu, such as humidity level, ramp time, mask fit, SmartStart, pressure relief during exhalation etc.
A built in light sensor regulates the screen brightness in response to the adjacent light in the room automatically. After the lights have been turned off, the screen dims for a few seconds then times out to prevent disturbance during sleep.
The machine displays the following advanced data on the menu; usage data, average usage, events per hour, leak rate, and AHI.
Apex XT Fit CPAP Machine
- Travel friendly feature
- Ramp feature
- Backlit display
- Universal AC feature
- Optional heated humidifier.
- Budget friendly price.
- It is so small and closely packed which makes it convenient for travel.
- Almost quiet during operation.
- LED screens portray clear characters even at night
- The user interface is simple and straightforward.
- Lacks the auto adjusting feature
- Lacks a data card, so it only records basic information and leaves out compliance data.
- Separate humidifier, which makes it an extra purchase.
The Apex XT Fit machine has a substantial amount of weight, has a small footprint, and it comes with a strapping carrier bag which holds the machine and other accessories in place. This makes it ideal for traveling.
The machine has a ramp feature which automatically adjusts the pressure suitably all through your sleep. It is a comfort feature that most users find advantageous in getting them to sleep.
The display allows viewing basic information such as ramp settings and hours used easy in dark lit rooms, or during the night.
Universal AC feature
The XT Fit machine has a power cord fixed to the back of the machine and into the AC outlet. It uses the universal cable and hence can be found even overseas
Optional heated humidifier
The humidifier is known to ease the side effects of CPAP therapy. Side effects include but not limited to throat dryness, soreness, headache and others. You can add a humidifier for more comfort during treatment.
This kind of CPAP machine is ideal for users with minor sleep apnea.
PR Dreamstation Auto CPAP Machine
- Colorful display.
- Streamlined design that is user friendly.
- Auto adjusting pressure
- OptiStart technology
- advanced features
- A-Flex pressure relief
- Optional heated humidifier
- Has a small size and has a considerable amount of weight.
- Vibrant color screen display
- Displays advanced data on screen such as the leak rate, AHI, therapy hours and days and periodic breathing.
- Pocket friendly.
- Noise level is high, which causes disturbance issues during sleep.
- Has a separate humidifier that can be detached; this makes it an additional purchase.
Streamlined design with a colorful display
This CPAP machine is built with a sleek design, which is user friendly. It is not weighty, it weighs about 2.94lbs. It has a forward facing display with a dial for navigating through menus. The machine also has a light sensor that adjusts according to the brightness level of the room. Its filters are designed like trays for them to slide in and out of the machine easily for washing and replacement. The dark blue filter is reusable and should be cleaned regularly, while the light blue filter should be replaced every 30 days, or as soon as it gets dirty.
Auto adjusting pressure and OptiStart technology
The machine examines the user and adjusts pressure accordingly. During the start of the therapy, the pressure level is low, and gradually increases in case of an interference in the airflow, then backs down after tackling the event.
The OptiStart technology feature enables the machine to start the therapy session at 90% pressure reached at the last therapy session to help control leftover episodes that may take place at the early stages of therapy.
This machine has advanced features incorporated to help the user monitor the success of the therapy. Some of the advanced features include smart ramp, mask fit check, regular alerts, Bluetooth, auto on/off and advanced data display.
The smart ramp feature, as opposed to the traditional ramp feature, only tracks and increases pressure in the event of an occurrence, and not consistently throughout the therapy session.
A-flex pressure relief
The transition between inhalation and exhalation sometimes can be rough. A-flex eases the transition by lowering the pressure levels during exhalation, therefore imitating that of natural breathing. This gives relief to the patient, which makes the therapy effective.
Optional heated humidifier
This is an optional purchase that is fitted directly to the machine. It is built with dry box technology to prevent the water in the humidifier from getting into the machine. The water chamber is placed right inside the humidifier and can be taken in and out easily for cleaning or replacement. You can also have an additional heated tube to maintain the heat and moisture throughout the session for more comfort. This storage for the water chamber inside the humidifier gives the machine a small footprint; it does not require much space, which makes it ideal for travel.
How do we test CPAP Machines?
Products range in so many ways, and among distinguishing factors is the technology embraced, and the efficiency of the machine in general. Some of the Common complaints from CPAP machine users include the noise level. The machine could be too noisy, which could be caused by a mask that does not fit well, and therefore leaks air. Some masks are too constricting especially around the nose area, and they are not adjustable. Using a CPAP machine that is inefficient could harmful side effects like sore throat, dryness in the throat, some complain of headaches. A good CPAP machine that strives to deliver an effective therapy while providing comfort at the same time to the user, does not only work to alleviate potential side effects. Good quality sleep is paramount in ensuring we lead a healthy living in general.
This CPAP machine review article is based on various levels of research and testing. We have engaged different kind of users to understand what really makes a CPAP machine. This group of users range from individual home users to hospital users. We also gathered data from various online sources such as customer and product reviews. Our team of experts analyzed the data using various methods, so as to identify which products had the best usage review and ratings. Finally we engaged a team of professionals across board from doctors to physical therapists to help us identify the characteristics that make a good CPAP machine.
CPAP Machines Comparison Table
|XT-FitCPAP Machine||ResMed AirSense 10 Autoset with Heated Humidifier||Apex Medical iCH II Auto CPAP Machine||Dreamstation Auto by Philips Respironics|
|Warranty||2 Years||2 Years||2 Years||2 Years|
|Optional DC Cable||-|
|Pressure Range||4 - 20 cm||4 - 20 cm||4 - 20 cm||4 - 20 cm|
|Auto Adjusting Pressure||-||-|
|Exhale Pressure Relief||-|
|Auto Alt. Adj.||Manual|
|Heated Humidifier||Optional||HumidAir||DreamStation Humidifier|
|Mask Off Alert||-||-|
|Data Card||-||SD Card||SD Card|
|Weight||1.76 lbs||2.75 Lbs||2.51 lbs||2.94 Lbs|
|Weight w/Humidifier/Case||5.75 Lbs||4.5 lbs||4.37 Lbs|
|Size w/Humidifier||N/A||4.57" x 10.04" x 5.91"||6.5" x 7.8" x 6.9"||11.7" L x 7.6" W x 3.3" H|
|CPAP Only Size||5.8" x 5" x 3.9"||N/A||N/A||5.5" L x 7.6" W x 3.3"H|
Types of PAP Machines
There are three types of PAP machines and they include the CPAP, APAP and Bi-PAP.
CPAP stands for Continuous Positive Airway Pressure. It is the most frequently used treatment option. It delivers constant and pressurized air into the airway.
APAP stands for Automatic Positive Airway Pressure. It is a non-invasive treatment that transfers pressurized and unclogged air through a mask during sleep. It has two range settings, low and high, that regulate automatically using an algorithm based on the user’s needs.
Bi-PAP machines are a non-invasive treatment with two pressure settings, one for inhalation and one for exhalation. It is used to treat patients who express difficulty while breathing.
Cheap or Expensive CPAP Machine?
Selecting a proper CPAP machine is critical towards effective treatment therapy, and cost is one of the important factors that will influence a buyer’s choice. Second hand and discontinued machines are the least expensive, and are designed to last up to 5 years. You could be buying a second hand machine with not much life left, and does not have any form of warranty from the manufacturer. Discontinued machines are heavily discounted by suppliers to clear their inventory. Most modern types have a reasonable useful life span of 5 years, and come with removable components that you need to replace. You need to ensure that the replacement pieces will be available during the 5 years.
Expensive machines on the contrary, are mostly new, have a form of warranty and customer support, and are built with the latest technology to automatically adjust to the user’s needs.
Today, the two leading manufacturers of CPAP machines are Resmed and Philips Respironics. CPAP machine features range in price, you need to decide which one to purchase for a successful therapy.
Should you buy a CPAP Machine using Cash or Insurance?
The best CPAP machines in the market are a bit pricy, but you need a machine that is going to deliver successful therapy. Below are a few factors to consider when deciding whether to using insurance, or out of the pocket:
Compensation by Insurance
If the CPAP supply is refundable by the insurance company, then it is a good alternative to save money, but if it is not, then cash is the other only option. Most health insurance companies cover the CPAP machines.
High deductible vs low deductible plan
High deductible simply means lower monthly premiums, and that some benefits are covered before you settle your deductible. If you have a high deductible, it is advisable to pay in cash especially if you have not met, or not even close to meeting your deductible, because cash prices are more economical than insurances prices.
On the contrary, it is better to use the insurance plan if you have a low deductible plan.
Status of your insurance plan
What is the status of your insurance plan? Have you met your deductible? If you have not met your deductible then pay in cash, if you have, make use of the insurance and get the most affordable price. If you are close to meeting your deductible you could also make the purchase using insurance. However, this depends on the price of the product you are purchasing. In case the product costs less than the outstanding balance on your deductible, like a CPAP mask for instance, then you will fetch the best price paying out of the pocket. If the product costs more than the unsettled amount on your deductible, like the CPAP machine itself, you would economize more using your insurance.
If you have do not have insurance then the only option is paying through cash. Some people may prefer paying in cash anyway to avoid taking on other insurance stuff such as co-insurance. Some insurance companies might provide a selection of providers to deal with that you may not be contented with due to various reasons like location, product options etc.
Important Features of a CPAP Machine
Here is an overview of the important features of a good CPAP machine from their power options, warranty policies to the technological aspect;
Standard CPAP machines often do not come with an integrated battery. Here are a few options to power up your CPAP machine in case you lack a power source;
Most CPAP machines integrate battery kits. Battery department stores have manufactured universal battery kits to fit all types of CPAP machines. Resmed and Philips Respironics have come up with their own kits specially for their machines. The batteries can keep the charge for 1-2 days, while the deep-cycle marine battery can store charge for up to 3 days. The batteries can be recharged in different ways but the most common is using the DC outlet.
Solar power is an option to recharge your battery it especially when going off the grid. You must leave it in the sun for at least 6 hours, and is perfect when going camping.
DC Power Cord/ Inverter/Converter
A DC power cord can be connected to the CPAP machine if it has a DC outlet. You can use A DC adapter cable to offer power directly to a deep cycle marine battery. You will need an inverter or converter to convert the DC power to AC power if you do not have the DC outlet.
Adapters have become a necessity when traveling with a CPAP machine that sources its power from a battery.
Nevertheless, manufacturers have made intergrated batteries for travel CPAP machines for example the Transcend. They do not need additional cables or inverters to recharge. They directly affix to the CPAP machine and use the same cord the machine uses for charge, and is portable for use once the batteries are charged fully.
One factor to consider before purchasing a CPAP machine is the duration of the warranty. Most warranties last 2 years (for example Resmed and Philips Respironics), others last 3 years. Most humidifiers have a 1 year warranty, some 2.
Another important factor is the convenience and reliability of the warranty service. With some manufacturers you can exchange your faulty machine with a new functional one, without any waiting time. Some manufacturers though, will give you a refurbished one in the place of a brand new one. It is paramount that you check the manufacturer’s warranty policies before purchasing the product.
Auto start/stop- most CPAP machines can recognize when someone puts the mask on and starts breathing, so they start up automatically. They also stop automatically when someone takes off the mask.
Auto detects pressure– all APAPs have this characteristic. CPAP machines checks your sleeping performance as you breathe, looking out for apneas, flow hindrances etc. while adjusting the pressure level consistently.
Pressure relief during exhalation– modern CPAP machines can imitate the natural breathing sequence by decreasing the pressure level at every exhalation. This alleviates the alteration between inhaling and exhaling, making the therapy comfortable for the user.
Mask fit check- most CPAP machines detect when a mask fits perfectly or not. You can adjust the mask before therapy begins.
Leak compensation- this is where the level of pressure is increased when there is a leak. This ensures that you can continue with your therapy even when a leak occurs.
Heated hose– it keeps the humidity warm, making it more enjoyable breathing. It is a comfort feature that some CPAP machines have.
Data tracking- you can check all kinds of information like usage hours etc.
Ramp feature- ramping is when at the start of your therapy pressure levels are low, and systematically increases with time. This feature is meant to make it easier to fall asleep while on therapy.
Bluetooth- allows the user to connect to apps.
Factors to consider when buying a CPAP Machine
Here are the factors to consider when shopping for a CPAP machine;
Modern designs look sleek and defined. Common ones are huge and difficult to carry around.
Is it reliable and efficient? A good machine satisfies the purpose to which it was meant to serve.
There are important features to look at, does it have the auto feature, leak compensation, does it have the mask on/off alert, is it portable, does it have the ramping feature, is the humidifier intergrated or separated.
Does it have long lasting battery life? Does it have several plug-in adapters? Can it use a portable battery?
The sound it produces should be as low as a whisper. Anything louder disrupts sleep.
Is a humidifier necessary?
Humidifiers are not just an accessory. A heated humidifier turns heated water to humidity and delivers it through the airway. Throat dryness is one of the most common side effects of the therapy, and humidifiers play a huge role in resolving irritation. Patients above the age of 60, those undergoing more than 2 medications and those with chronic mucosal disease however need a humidifier.
During seasons with high humidity you may not need a humidifier.
You may need heated tubing for a heated humidifier to prevent rainout caused by condensation in the tubing.
Saline sprays are a good alternative for humidifiers.
Humidifiers should be cleaned regularly to keep you from the risk of infection around the area. Also fill it up with fresh water every day for hygienic reasons.
Types of hoses
A CPAP hose is a tube that delivers airflow and is used to connect the machine to mask, humidifier to mask and machine to the humidifier. There are two types of hoses, heated hoses and unheated hoses.
- Contains coils of copper that conduct heat.
- Minimizes condensation (rainout) in the hose.
- They ease dryness.
- Are customized for certain machines.
- Standard tubing with a smooth inside.
- Rubber ends are not noisy.
- Does not relieve rainout.
- Can be used with different types of machines.
If you undergo sore throat or dryness during CPAP therapy, then heated hoses and humidifiers could be beneficial. An unheated hose could cause a rainout due to the difference in temperature outside and inside the tubing, which could run into the user’s face, or dampen the bed.
Additionally, covering a hose enhances the outcome of a heated tubing. Hoses should be cleaned often, using cpap cleaning system or mild soap and warm water, then air it out to dry. In case of any breakage, you should replace the hose immediately.
There are a few other alternatives to consider while treating sleep apnea. One of them is simple, pillows. Pillows play a major role in placing your head and neck on a comfortable position to reduce interruptions caused by sleep apnea during sleep. They tilt the head in manner to control obstruction of the airway while sleeping and helps people with minor sleep apnea. Adjustable beds also play a role in ensuring comfort during therapy. Lifestyle changes also play a big part in ensuring a healthy living with sleep apnea. Habits such as smoking should be avoided by people with sleep apnea as this contributes to blocking the airway. Weight loss also contributes to eliminating obstructions in the airway and these two practices should be embraced by people with this condition.
Sleep apnea is a treatable condition. Developments have been made over the past few decades and modern technology is being used to produce better high quality CPAP machines, with much consideration on reducing the size and the noise level to make it quieter and more comfortable for users. It is important to consult a medical doctor or physician before starting or altering any treatment choices.